ALAMEDA — Get ready for the Raiders on the HBO series “Hard Knocks.”One of five teams eligible for the inside-training camp look by the network, the Raiders will be this year’s feature attraction, a source told the Bay Area News Group Tuesday. The NFL announced the union between the cable network and the Raiders on Twitter, and the network as well as the Raiders later sent out announcements.#HardKnocks with the Oakland @Raiders ☠️Coming to @HBO on August 6! pic.twitter.com/DsiOG9LT8s …
22 July 2013The government’s multi-billion rand Cornubia development north of Durban is set to get under way, with the South African National Roads Agency having agreed to fund the bulk of the R830-million N2/M41 interchange upgrade which lies at the heart of the development.Initially a joint venture between the eThekwini Metro Municipality and Tongaat Hulett, the Cornubia development has since been adopted by the Cabinet as a national priority project, bringing all spheres of government in as official partners in the development.Cornubia is a mixed-use, mixed-income, 1 200-hectare development, with 80 hectares earmarked for industrial development and the rest for commercial, housing and other social and public facilities, including schools, creches, clinics, multi-purpose halls, police stations and post offices.It is strategically located between Durban’s wealthier Mt Edgecombe and Umhlanga areas and disadvantaged areas north of the city such as Inanda, Ntuzuma, KwaMashu, Phoenix, Ottawa and Waterloo.Situated some 15 kilometres south of the new King Shaka International Airport, Cornubia will see 24 000 new homes being built, 15 000 for subsidised housing and the balance for a wide range of affordability levels.Cornubia will also boast a bus rapid transport (BRT) system, hence a multi-nodal transport interchange for taxis and buses has been planned.According to the developers, Cornubia will eventually create 370 000 temporary construction jobs and 36 000 new employment opportunities.The issue of the funding of the N2/M41 interchange upgrade, which had previously held up the development, has now been resolved, with South African National Roads Agency (Sanral) spokesperson Vusi Mona confirming the agency’s commitment to funding the upgrade“The cost of the interchange is in the order of R830-million,” Mona told SAnews last week. “The contract was just awarded recently to the contractor, CMC.”Also speaking to SAnews last week, KwaZulu-Natal transport spokesperson Kwanele Ncalane confirmed that agreement on the funding of the interchange had been reached by all parties involved.“The KwaZulu-Natal Department of Transport is going to contribute. However, at this stage, we are not in a position to disclose the actual investment in the project,” Ncalane said.eThekwini Metro City Manager S’bu Sithole also confirmed that all parties had agreed on the cost-sharing ratio for Cornubia, adding: “The developer is to move on site by August.”Source: SAnews.gov.za
Testimonials:Unexpected TTF – Thank you for a very nice cache (especially in Bulgaria measures) in beautiful mountains of Rila. I came for it by Jeep as I would never use my own “ordinary” car, although I have seen some other people climbing up there with a Peugot 30, so I guess it could be done…. T4TC!!! Mur3na11Finding this cache came as a little bonus. We went to close the summer season with a 4 day route through Maliovitsa, Ivan Vazov, the Seven Rila Lakes and back. We left an entire day to hike around Ivan Vazov and decided to go to the peak. I borrowed a GPS to record our route of the entire vacation in Rila and when I looked at the screen I saw that there was cache I had never found. What a nice surprise! We took a trip to look for the cache and the search was crowned with success. Thanks for the cache! TFTC! Emo & NatiEmil PetrovBy cache we reached the Ivan Vazov hut. The entire valley from the hut to the array of Kali is incredible. I recommend the pedestrian option, although the cache is dedicated to the road. Thanks for the great and well-packaged box 🙂Hellla Continue to explore some of the most amazing geocaches around the world.Check out all of the Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog. If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, fill out this form.Share with your Friends:More Difficulty:2Terrain:3 Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—I took the one less traveled by,And that has made all the difference.-Robert FrostTo say this Geocache of the Week is reached by the road less traveled is an understatement. Located in eastern Europe’s Bulgaria, the cache is at the highest point reachable by car in the country. After crawling up the steep switchback, you will start the search for the appropriately named cache, Car challenge.There are several ways to approach the cache. By car, by foot, or by bicycle. Whatever way you get there will be quite treacherous because the road is both steep and very old. By car and bicycle, you must take a switchback road that was built during the Second World War. Warning: This location makes the World’s list of dangerous roads so please be prepared and take a reliable vehicle with you.The road was created to serve the construction of hydropower dams and reservoirs. The existing water reservoir (hint: the cache is nearby) is at the highest altitude in the Balkans (2,394 meters/7,854.331 feet).By foot, you can either walk up the same road or hike through gorgeous mountain scenery on a 3-5 hour hike. You can also stay overnight at the picturesque Ivan Vasov Hut, named after the famous Bulgarian novelist, Ivan Vasov.In the summer, the road serves as a track for cycling and running races. From the starting point just a mile up the road, there is nothing but you, the road, the mountains and the geocache on the summit. The cache itself is in great shape and has plenty of space for you to drop off or pick up a trackable at this breathtaking spot. TraditionalGC593G5by GeoCat Location:BulgariaN 42° 10.933′ E 023° 15.386′ SharePrint RelatedPadlocks, RFID chips, and secret briefcases: an interview with a geocaching maniacMarch 12, 2019In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter”Five scenarios where Pocket Queries are the ultimate TOTT (tool of the trade)May 21, 2019In “News””Jested” GCKDBV GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – August 2nd, 2010August 2, 2010In “Community”
If you can see what’s really happening here, you don’t need the next graph. The important effect here is that most of the reduction in heat flow happens early on. With each addition of R-2 to the insulation level, the reduction declines. Calculating heat flowThe equation to calculate heat flow over a heating season is Q = U x A x HDD x 24. The result is the total number of BTUs of heat that flow through the wall under those conditions. The only thing that varies in the graph below is the R-value. An easier way to see that is with the graph below. Here I’ve plotted only the reduction achieved for a given step of R-2. Once you get out to about R-14 or so, at least on the scale shown here, the additional insulation results in pretty small reductions in heat flow. Too much is never enoughThe debate over how much insulation to use is an important one. There’s no clear-cut answer. I can’t tell you, “Use this much in Climate Zone 4 and this much in Climate Zone 5” because there are multiple variables involved. Here are the main ones:Climate zoneType of heating and cooling systemFuel used for heatingUtility costsPhotovoltaic (solar electric) system costsComfortYour interests and goals: utility bills, carbon footprint…In my Mastering Building Science course, which begins on October 27, 2014, I’ll dive into these variables and show how you might decide what’s the optimal amount of insulation to use. You’ll also get my spreadsheets if you sign up.Take heating system types, for example. The graphs above show the amount of heat moving through that 1,000-square-foot wall, but the amount of heat you pay for may be different from what’s flowing through the wall. If you’re heating with a furnace that’s 80% efficient, you’ll have to buy 25% more BTUs than you lose through the wall. If instead you use electric resistance heat, you buy the same number of BTUs you lose, but with a different fuel and at a different cost. All that and more factors into the decision.I’ve had this topic on my list for a long time, and finally got spurred to write about it because of the debate over the Passive House program and the insulation levels required to meet the requirement for the annual space heating demand to be no higher than 4,750 BTU/sf, no matter what climate you’re in.Martin Holladay, the Energy Nerd here at Green Building Advisor, had a great article about it last week: It’s Not About Space Heating. He reported on a recent presentation by Marc Rosenbaum, and the issue of the diminishing returns of adding insulation played a big role (although that term didn’t appear). Rosenbaum’s main point is that spending a lot of extra money on the building enclosure to chase those last BTUs is probably not the best way to go. Go read the article. And be sure to read Rosenbaum’s comment (#2), too. The key is to figure out how much it’s going to cost you to get those savings. Going from R-11 to R-13 just involves using a different insulation, but going from R-13 to R-15 (the whole-wall R-value for 2×6 walls) requires going from 2×4 to 2×6 walls and thus more insulation, more lumber, and doors and windows with wider jambs. That means going from R-11 to R-13 is has a much higher potential of being cost-effective than going from R-13 to R-15.What if you were to insulate your walls to R-19 in the climate zone 4 cities I used for the first graph? When you put R-19 insulation in the cavities and mix in 2×6 framing that’s only R-7, the whole-wall R-value is about R-16, our starting point in this case. The same pattern as before holds in this case, as you can see in the graph below. U = 1/RA = 1,000 square feetHDD = 4,400A is the wall area, and I chose 1,000 square feet as a representative value. HDD is the number of heating degree days using a base temperature of 65°F, and, for four of the graphs below I chose a city in IECC climate zone 4, such as Portland, Oregon, Asheville, North Carolina, or Louisville, Kentucky. And the returns still diminish, as you can see in the stepwise reductions shown in the graph below. What’s your starting point?The previous graph helps understand how important it is to fix uninsulated homes, but it could lead to the wrong lesson when it comes to designing new homes. If you’re designing a new home and trying to find out how much energy you might save by adding more insulation, you’ve got to choose a more reasonable starting point.In Atlanta, for example, you’ve got to put a minimum of R-13 insulation in your above-grade exterior walls. Factoring in the effect of all that lower R-value wood in a standard 2×4 wall (with studs 16 inches on center), the whole-wall R-value is about R-11, so that’s our starting point.If you’re framing with 2x4s, you could go with a higher density R-15 insulation and get a whole wall R-value of 13 in the same space. You could also build thicker walls or add exterior insulation or both, with the result of higher R-values. However you do it, we get a similar graph of cumulative heat flow reduction as our first graph above, shown in the graph below. The graph below shows the stepwise reduction in heat flow when you go from R-11 up to R-40 walls (adjusting the calculation for Atlanta’s 3000 HDD). Each red column shows the reduction in heat flow for just that step (e.g., R-11 to R-13 or R-30 to R-35). As before, with each step up in R-value, the potential savings decrease for each unit of R-value. Getting less and less from more and moreFirst, here’s what everyone knows already. As you keep adding more and more insulation, you keep reducing the heat flow through the wall more and more. The blue line in all the graphs below shows the heat flow through the wall, and the red columns show either the stepwise or cumulative reduction in heat flow compared to what it was with an R-2, R-11, or R-16 wall.An uninsulated standard 2×4 wood-frame wall has an R-value of about 3, so our starting point of R-2 in the first graphs is close to that of an uninsulated wall.This first graph shows cumulative reduction in heat flow. Notice carefully how it grows. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. Check out his in-depth course, Mastering Building Science at Heatspring Learning Institute, and follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. RELATED ARTICLES Finding the Insulation Sweet SpotCan Foam Insulation Be Too Thick?Wolfgang Feist Defends Thick InsulationIt’s Not About Space Heating Insulation is like alcoholIf you’re a practical person, I’m sure you realize that life has a tendency to make you aware of certain limits. After the first few drinks in an evening, for example, further libations have less and less of an effect. Well, less and less of a positive effect anyway. Unfortunately, diminishing faculties obscure the diminishing returns, and you wake up the next day wondering how your head got in that vise. (Not that I know anything about that. I take all things in moderation, including moderation.)The same is true with insulation. Below we’ll take a look at what happens as you keep increasing the R-value in a wall. If you just want to understand the concept of diminishing returns, you can skip ahead to the text below the graph. For the building science geeks out there, though, I need to tell how I generated the numbers for the graphs. For the other example I used Atlanta, which has 3,000 HDD. For all of the graphs, I divided the result of the calculation by 1 million and plotted MMBTU (million BTU) instead of having all those unwieldy zeroes on the axis.OK, now we’ve got those details out of the way. Let’s see what it means. So, what’s the answer?How far you should go depends on all those variables above, including your goals. If you want to build a net-zero-energy home, you’ll go further than someone who wants only comfort and reasonably low energy bills, who will go further than someone who wants the lowest upfront cost.Some people look at the graphs above, especially the second one, and conclude that it’s silly to go beyond the first few steps since you’ve already gotten most of the reduction you’re going to get. That is a mistake. First of all, you have to make sure you’re choosing the correct point for comparison. The first two graphs use a starting point of an uninsulated wall.If you’re designing for new construction, you have to choose a starting point that is at least at the level required by your local code. As you can see in my R-13 and R-19 examples, the returns don’t diminish nearly as quickly when you start higher. That may sound odd, but it’s true. That doesn’t mean all those higher levels of insulation are cost-effective, though. You’ve got to do the calculations to find where your optimum is.The bottom line is that although you can certainly put R-40 insulation under your slab or R-80 insulation in your walls, it may not be the smartest thing to do. Take a look at the bigger picture and see whether you might be better served by reducing the size of the home, finding ways to save on water heating, appliances, and plug loads, or investing in photovoltaics. Whether you’re trying to reduce power plant emissions or just save money, at a certain point, it becomes wiser to stop with the insulation and spend your money on the stuff that, dollar for dollar, will yield better results. If you’re building a house and want to have a really good building enclosure, you need it to be airtight, handle moisture properly, and have a good amount of insulation. Ideally, you’d also consider the effects of solar radiation on the home, but for now let’s just focus on the insulation. What exactly is “a good amount” anyway? From this we can draw our first conclusion:Important Lesson: Adding any insulation to uninsulated homes can save more energy than adding more insulation to already-insulated homes.Where the curve is more vertical is where most of the action occurs. Once it starts flattening out, you get less and less from more and more. That’s what is meant by the term “diminishing returns.”In fact, this whole exercise harkens back to my “Flat or Lumpy?” article, in which I wrote about the importance of not missing areas that need to be insulated and getting a uniform coverage. My friend Mike MacFarland helped make this connection for me last night when he texted, “This is why it’s so critically important to use building performance equipment to locate and fix all of those areas in homes where the vertical part of the graph exists.” Indeed!
Top Rank promotor Bob Arum said it was a “close fight. It could have gone either way.”“A couple of close rounds, but you can’t argue with the result,” he said after the fight. “I scored a lot of the early rounds for Jeff. Then I had Manny coming back in the middle. The 12th round, Jeff really won. If you give Manny the 11th, you have it a draw. You give Jeff the 11th, it’s 7-5.”The 38-year-old Pacquiao had a chance to knock Horn out in the 9th, with the Aussie on the ropes and in big trouble in front of the 51,052 fans at Suncorp Stadium, but couldn’t complete the job. His own handlers agreed that had a bearing on the fight — saying Pacquiao shouldn’t have left it up to the judges.As he mingled with fans on Monday, his right eye still closed, Horn said he hadn’t paid a lot of attention to the criticism “but I’ve seen my Facebook and that’s gone gangbusters at the moment.”“Manny Pacquiao is an absolute warrior, a legend of the sport. He might have come underdone in this fight, I don’t know,” Horn said. “I guess if we have a rematch and he put his all in, he might come in better, I don’t know.”One thing the fight has done is ensure Horn will have a bigger profile before his next fight, whether that be a rematch with Pacquiao — now 59-7-2 and with three losses in his last eight fights — or not.Pacquiao was back in the Philippines later Monday, and had a military guard of honor to welcome him back to General Santos. A unanimous points decision wasn’t what anyone had been expecting.“It was, I guess, the Manny Show. I can remember watching programs saying the Manny Pacquiao fight in Brisbane — my name wasn’t normally mentioned,” Horn said. “But now hopefully I’m a bit more recognized and I’ve established myself in the boxing community a bit more.” LATEST STORIES “There will always be a backlash where people say I got lucky, or whatever. There will always be the naysayers saying I didn’t win the fight, but I felt like I won the fight,” Horn, now unbeaten in his 18 fights since turning professional in 2013, said as he basked in the victory on Monday. “Everyone has a right to their opinion. I’m sure I’ve (gained) a lot more fans over there than I’ve lost.”Pacquiao skipped the formal post-fight news conference, his camp saying he needed to get seven stitches in each of the cuts on the top of his head, and also declined other interviews in the dressing room.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsSome critics described the result as a robbery and questioned the integrity of the sport.Immediately after the fight, Pacquiao said he had to respect the decision and noted that he had a clause for a rematch, but he later told a Philippines news channel that he’d been confident he’d won the fight. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong View comments His trainers were critical of the referee for not doing more to stop or penalize head clashes and neck holds. And they highlighted statistics that showed Pacquiao threw twice as many punches.In an interview with ABS-CBN News Channel, Pacquiao thanked some high-profile supporters for letting their feelings be known.“Thank you for the support and for also believing that I won the fight,” he said in the TV interview. “I’m praying that it will not affect or ruin the boxing industry.”Reports emerged that a government department in the Philippines wanted the WBO to launch an inquiry into the outcome. The WBO had released the judge’s scores on Sunday night.All three judges awarded it to Horn, with American Waleska Roldan’s 117-111 score attracting most of the criticism. U.S. judge Chris Flores and Ramon Cerdan of Argentina each scored it much closer at 115-113.ADVERTISEMENT Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Jeff Horn of Australia celebrates after beating Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines during their WBO World welterweight title fight in Brisbane, Australia, Sunday, July 2, 2017. (AP Photo/Tertius Pickard)BRISBANE, Australia — Manny Pacquiao had already left town without saying much, even as criticism of the referee in the WBO welterweight world title fight and the judges who awarded a unanimous points decision to a previously almost anonymous Jeff Horn was still pouring in on social media.The 29-year-old Horn, a former schoolteacher who was given almost no hope of beating the 11-time world champion, was feted by fans and politicians in his hometown on Monday and didn’t care too much about criticism — which started in a TV interview as soon as he left the ring on Sunday after the Battle of Brisbane.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ What ‘missteps’? 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About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Man Utd teenager Angel Gomes: Old Trafford deafened me!by Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United teenager Angel Gomes says he was deafened by the Old Trafford crowd during Wednesday’s 3-1 win over Huddersfield Town.Gomes, 18, made his third appearance for the club when he replaced Juan Mata in the 80th minute.There could be more game time under caretaker manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, who has brought a sense of optimism to the club, which Gomes says was audible.”Yes, it’s always nice to come on, especially when you are a young lad, following in the footsteps of the other players who are progressing and doing well,” Gomes told MUTV. “To come on and hear the crowd cheering you on was a great feeling for me.”My ears actually blocked! I couldn’t really hear, but, as soon as I got on, I felt at ease. The players helped me, they spoke to me and gave me instructions and I was fine from then on.”
Helton LetterClay Helton has taken over as interim coach at USC for the second time in his tenure, and he should provide the program with some much-needed stability. After assuming the head coaching duties, Helton produced a letter for the entire USC family, which USC shared on its official athletics Twitter account last night. Upon taking over as interim head coach, Clay Helton wrote a letter to YOU, the #TrojanFamily. #FightOn pic.twitter.com/dA6M7xCev8— USC Trojans (@USC_Athletics) October 14, 2015Classy move. Helton and his players will get their first chance to “Fight On” this Saturday when they take on their nationally ranked arch-rival Notre Dame at 7:30 PM EST in South Bend. The game will be televised on NBC.
CALGARY, A.B. – Suncor Energy Inc. says Steve Williams will retire as chief executive after the company’s annual meeting next May.Williams, 62, joined Suncor in 2002 and took the helm of Canada’s largest energy producer by market capitalization from longtime CEO Rick George when he retired in 2012.Williams has been one of the more outspoken CEOs in the oilpatch, insisting recently the company will approve no new major expansion projects until Canada’s export pipeline access problem is resolved. He has also led the way in support for environmental initiatives and was one of four energy company leaders to stand alongside Alberta Premier Rachel Notley in 2015 when she unveiled the province’s sweeping climate plan, which included a growing carbontax.The company says Mark Little, 56, will trade in his chief operating officer title to become president effective immediately and will assume the CEO’s role in May.Little joined Suncor in 2008 and has served in several leadership roles in the company’s oilsands and international and offshore operations.
Binge drinking in adolescence, even if discontinued, may increase the risk for anxiety later in life, according to a study led by an Indian origin scientist. “Binge drinking early in life modifies the brain and changes connectivity in the brain, especially in the amygdala, which is involved in emotional regulation and anxiety, in ways we don’t totally understand yet,” said a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago in the US, and lead author of the study. Also Read – An income drop can harm brain”But what we do know is that epigenetic changes are lasting, and increase susceptibility to psychological issues later in life, even if drinking that took place early in life is stopped,” he said in a statement. “Epigenetics” refers to chemical changes to DNA, RNA, or specific proteins associated with chromosomes that change the activity of genes without changing the genes themselves, according to the study published in the journal Biological Psychiatry. Also Read – Shallu Jindal honoured with Mahatma AwardEpigenetic alterations are required for the normal development of the brain, but they can also be modified in response to environmental or even social factors, such as alcohol and stress. These kinds of epigenetic alterations have been linked to changes in behaviour and disease, researchers said. Adolescent rats were exposed to ethanol (a type of alcohol) for two days on and two days off or to the same protocol using saline for 14 days. All rats underwent an assessment for anxiety. The researchers exposed adolescent rats to a regimen designed to mimic binge drinking. Those rats exhibited anxious behaviour later in life, even if the binge drinking regimen stopped in late adolescence and the rats were allowed to mature to adulthood without any further exposure to alcohol. Rats with less Arc also had about 40 per cent fewer neuronal connections in the amygdala compared with rats that were not exposed to alcohol.
Berlin: Germany’s environment minister on Monday backed a European proposal to virtually eliminate man-made greenhouse gas emissions by mid-century, deepening divisions within the German government over how to tackle climate change. French President Emmanuel Macron and eight either EU countries pitched the plan at a summit of European leaders last week, but Germany was a notable holdout. “I don’t think this decision is final,” said Environment Minister Svenja Schulze of the center-left Social Democrats, the junior partners in Merkel’s government. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince Salman ‘snubbed’ Pak PM Imran, recalled his private jet from US: Report”I think we should talk about it again. Because I think it’s very sensible to stand alongside France and work to say at the EU-level that we want to implement Paris.” The 2015 Paris climate accord, approved by almost all countries around the world, set a target of keeping global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) by the end of the century compared to pre-industrial times. Scientists say this is only possible if emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide are drastically reduced in the coming decades. Also Read – Iraq military admits ‘excessive force’ used in deadly protestsSpeaking to reporters ahead of a climate change meeting of 35 countries in Berlin, Schulze also favored the introduction of a carbon tax to discourage fossil fuel use. The leader of Merkel’s center-right Christian Democratic Union party, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, has instead favored expanding an EU-wide carbon trading system. A recent poll for public broadcaster ZDF found environment topped immigration as the issue Germans are most concerned about. But the survey of 1,357 phone respondents, conducted May 7-9, also found 61 per cent oppose a carbon tax on fossil fuels, even if other taxes are cut. Only 35pc were in favour, according to the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen polling agency. Despite its much-vaunted plan for an “energy transition” away from fossil fuels and nuclear energy to renewable power sources, Germany has struggled to lower its emissions in recent years, particularly in the area of transportation. Germany is set to miss its reduction target for 2020 and under EU rules it could be forced to buy billions of euros (dollars) worth of carbon credits from other countries starting in 2021. A report published Monday by the Carbon Disclosure Project, a London-based research firm, listed 43 cities around the world that are leading on environmental action. None of them are in Germany. Schulze said she wants Cabinet to pass a “strong” climate law this year. “This is about big investment decisions that affect all of society, each and every one but also industry,” she said. “We need certainty about where the journey is going.”