January 22, 2004ValKiri has been in charge of ceramic tiles production in the Arcosanti Ceramics Studio since 1999. One of her recent projects was to make tiles as signs for the public bathrooms in the East Crescent, Unit 8, and at the ceramics apse location.[Photo & Text: aa] The tiles are in place. Color behind the tile matches the color of the door to each bathroom.[Photo & Text: aa] The sign for the handicap accessible bathroom at the ceramics apse.[Photo & Text: aa]
Source:http://www.cmaj.ca/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 4 2019It’s time to strengthen support for the 28% of people who provide care for an aging family member, friend or neighbor in Canada, argues an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).”Our ability to support informal caregiving remains one of Canada’s most pressing health care and societal issues,” says Dr. Nathan Stall, associate editor, CMAJ.The pool of caregivers in Canada is shrinking as the aging population increases, while the need for caregiving will increase.Related StoriesNew findings may help kick-start aging immune systemSupplements claiming to boost brain health are ‘too good to be true’, warn expertsResearchers discover gene linked to healthy aging in wormsCaregiving has become increasingly demanding and stressful as many untrained people provide medical and nursing care, help with daily living and navigate the complexities of the health and long-term care system. Many caregivers are stressed, which negatively effects their mental and physical health and can lead to increased risk of death.More than one-third (35%) of the population is both working and providing caregiver support, with more women juggling both roles.As well, caregivers often provide financial support to their loved ones and may miss out on full-time employment, raises and other monetary benefits. We must support these people by protecting caregivers from financial and retirement insecurity.While financial support exists, mainly through tax breaks, it is difficult to access and varies by province.”Addressing this pressing health care and societal issue is undoubtedly complex, but innovative, effective and potentially scalable programs and policies already exist in pockets across the country. It’s time Canada cared more about its caregivers,” he concludes.
Once the Sender makes a decision about whether to rotate the block, they send ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ to the Receiver’s brain by concentrating on the corresponding light,”Linxing Preston Jiang, Study First Author and Student in the Allen School’s combined bachelor’s/master’s degree program The Senders wore electroencephalography caps that picked up electrical activity in their brains. The lights’ different flashing patterns trigger unique types of activity in the brain, which the caps can pick up. So, as the Senders stared at the light for their corresponding selection, the cap picked up those signals, and the computer provided real-time feedback by displaying a cursor on the screen that moved toward their desired choice. The selections were then translated into a “Yes” or “No” answer that could be sent over the internet to the Receiver.Related StoriesStudy provides new insight into longitudinal decline in brain network integrity associated with agingComputers, games, crafting keep the aging brain sharpWearing a hearing aid may mitigate dementia risk”To deliver the message to the Receiver, we used a cable that ends with a wand that looks like a tiny racket behind the Receiver’s head. This coil stimulates the part of the brain that translates signals from the eyes,” said co-author Andrea Stocco, a UW assistant professor in the Department of Psychology and the Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences, or I-LABS. “We essentially ‘trick’ the neurons in the back of the brain to spread around the message that they have received signals from the eyes. Then participants have the sensation that bright arcs or objects suddenly appear in front of their eyes.”If the answer was, “Yes, rotate the block,” then the Receiver would see the bright flash. If the answer was “No,” then the Receiver wouldn’t see anything. The Receiver received input from both Senders before making a decision about whether to rotate the block. Because the Receiver also wore an electroencephalography cap, they used the same method as the Senders to select yes or no.The Senders got a chance to review the Receiver’s decision and send corrections if they disagreed. Then, once the Receiver sent a second decision, everyone in the group found out if they cleared the line. On average, each group successfully cleared the line 81% of the time, or for 13 out of 16 trials.The researchers wanted to know if the Receiver would learn over time to trust one Sender over the other based on their reliability. The team purposely picked one of the Senders to be a “bad Sender” and flipped their responses in 10 out of the 16 trials — so that a “Yes, rotate the block” suggestion would be given to the Receiver as “No, don’t rotate the block,” and vice versa. Over time, the Receiver switched from being relatively neutral about both Senders to strongly preferring the information from the “good Sender.”The team hopes that these results pave the way for future brain-to-brain interfaces that allow people to collaborate to solve tough problems that one brain alone couldn’t solve. The researchers also believe this is an appropriate time to start to have a larger conversation about the ethics of this kind of brain augmentation research and developing protocols to ensure that people’s privacy is respected as the technology improves. The group is working with the Neuroethics team at the Center for Neurotechnology to address these types of issues.”But for now, this is just a baby step. Our equipment is still expensive and very bulky and the task is a game,” Rao said. “We’re in the ‘Kitty Hawk’ days of brain interface technologies: We’re just getting off the ground.” Source:University of WashingtonJournal reference:Jiang, L. et al. (2019) BrainNet: A Multi-Person Brain-to-Brain Interface for Direct Collaboration Between Brains. Scientific Reports. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41895-7 . Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Jul 2 2019Telepathic communication might be one step closer to reality thanks to new research from the University of Washington. A team created a method that allows three people to work together to solve a problem using only their minds.In BrainNet, three people play a Tetris-like game using a brain-to-brain interface. This is the first demonstration of two things: a brain-to-brain network of more than two people, and a person being able to both receive and send information to others using only their brain. The team published its results April 16 in the Nature journal Scientific Reports, though this research previously attracted media attention after the researchers posted it September to the preprint site arXiv.”Humans are social beings who communicate with each other to cooperate and solve problems that none of us can solve on our own,” said corresponding author Rajesh Rao, the CJ and Elizabeth Hwang professor in the UW’s Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering and a co-director of the Center for Neurotechnology. “We wanted to know if a group of people could collaborate using only their brains. That’s how we came up with the idea of BrainNet: where two people help a third person solve a task.”As in Tetris, the game shows a block at the top of the screen and a line that needs to be completed at the bottom. Two people, the Senders, can see both the block and the line but can’t control the game. The third person, the Receiver, can see only the block but can tell the game whether to rotate the block to successfully complete the line. Each Sender decides whether the block needs to be rotated and then passes that information from their brain, through the internet and to the brain of the Receiver. Then the Receiver processes that information and sends a command — to rotate or not rotate the block — to the game directly from their brain, hopefully completing and clearing the line.The team asked five groups of participants to play 16 rounds of the game. For each group, all three participants were in different rooms and couldn’t see, hear or speak to one another.The Senders each could see the game displayed on a computer screen. The screen also showed the word “Yes” on one side and the word “No” on the other side. Beneath the “Yes” option, an LED flashed 17 times per second. Beneath the “No” option, an LED flashed 15 times a second.
Japan’s Panasonic said Thursday it would stop supplying some components to Huawei, joining a growing list of firms distancing themselves from the Chinese telecoms giant after a US ban over security concerns. Explore further © 2019 AFP “The US use of state power to arbitrarily exert pressure on a private Chinese company like Huawei is typical economic bullying,” Wang said Wednesday at a meeting in Kyrgyzstan.Telecoms giant EE, owned by BT, had been due to bring Huawei’s first 5G phone, the Huawei Mate 20X, to Britain, but chief executive Marc Allera said Wednesday the company had “paused” the launch.The delay would last “until we get the information and confidence and the long-term security that our customers… are going to be supported”, he said.’Regrettable situation’The group also said it would phase out the use of Huawei equipment in the most sensitive “core” elements of its network infrastructure.Vodafone soon followed suit, announcing a temporary suspension of pre-orders for Huawei handsets.And the BBC reported British firm ARM, which designs processors used in most mobile devices, would also cut ties with HuaweiHuawei said Wednesday that it recognised “the pressure” placed on its suppliers, and that it was “confident this regrettable situation can be resolved”.In Japan, KDDI and SoftBank Corp, the country’s number-two and number-three carriers respectively, said they were delaying the release of Huawei handsets.And the country’s top carrier said it would suspend pre-orders for a new phone from the Chinese firm.While Trump’s order effectively bans US companies from selling Huawei and affiliates critical components, US officials offered a brief reprieve this week by delaying the ban for 90 days to avoid major disruption.Analysts say the restrictions could be seriously damaging for the Chinese firm, with the pullback by Google and ARM likely to be “particularly troubling” for the telecoms giant.”How the US ban on business with Huawei will impact the Chinese firm’s performance is at this point unclear, but what is clear to me is that its sales will be negatively affected,” said Hiroyuki Kubota, an independent financial analyst.Washington has long suspected deep links between Huawei and the Chinese military, and its moves against the company come amid the churning trade dispute between the world’s top two economies. President Donald Trump has effectively banned US companies from supplying Huawei and affiliates with critical components Japanese, UK carriers delay release of Huawei phones This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Japan’s Toshiba also announced it was temporarily halting shipments to Huawei to check whether US-made parts were involved, in order to comply with Washington’s new restrictions.The moves came a day after major Japanese and British mobile carriers said they would delay releasing new Huawei handsets, upping the pressure on the world’s second-largest smartphone manufacturer.In an official statement emailed to AFP, Panasonic said it had announced in an “internal notification” that it would “suspend transactions with Huawei and its 68 affiliates that were banned by the US government”.It declined to comment on “other transactions that are not banned by the US”.Asked about its opinion about the news, Huawei pointed to a statement on Panasonic’s Chinese website that said the firm was supplying Huawei “normally” and doing so “strictly abiding by the relevant laws and regulations of countries and regions where Panasonic is present”.Washington’s restrictions affect products made fully or partially in the United States, where Panasonic manufactures some of its components.Toshiba meanwhile said it had temporarily halted shipments to Huawei while it checks if they include US-made parts.”We will resume shipments if we confirm our products don’t use American-made parts,” spokesman Takashi Ebina told AFP.’Economic bullying’Last week, Donald Trump declared a national emergency to bar US companies from using foreign telecoms equipment deemed a security risk.The move appeared aimed at Huawei, though the White House said no particular company or country was targeted.The Commerce Department has also announced an effective ban on US companies selling or transferring US technology to Huawei.The moves have prompted a parade of firms to step back from dealings with Huawei, including Google, whose Android operating system powers most of the world’s smartphones.And on Wednesday, mobile carriers in Japan and Britain said they were delaying releases of Huawei handsets.China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi denounced the US moves and said Beijing would “fight to the very end” in its trade war with Washington. Citation: Panasonic joins firms stepping away from Huawei after US ban (2019, May 23) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-panasonic-firms-huawei.html